Oaxaca is a city in central Mexico. It’s known for its colonial buildings, many of which are made from green volcanic stone. The central Zócalo square features the Palacio de Gobierno, with colorful murals depicting regional history. Alameda de León square faces the ornate facade of the Catedral de Oaxaca. The 16th-century Templo de Santo Domingo church has a rich baroque interior and an adjoining former convent.
Its monastery now houses the Santo Domingo Cultural Center and the Museo de las Culturas de Oaxaca, with local history exhibits including golden treasure discovered in a 14th-century tomb. The grounds include Jardín Etnobotánico, which features a wide variety of cacti. Other museums include the Museo Rufino Tamayo, with pre-Hispanic art, and the Oaxaca Textile Museum, displaying fabrics from across Mexico. The Basílica de la Soledad is dedicated to the local patron saint, Our Lady of Solitude. To the southwest is the archaeological site of Monte Albán, the Zapotec civilization’s hilltop capital. The site dates to around 500 B.C.