Riyadh, Saudi Arabia’s capital and main financial hub, is on a desert plateau in the country’s center. Business district landmarks include the 302m-high Kingdom Centre, with a sky bridge connecting 2 towers, and 267m-high Al Faisaliah Centre, with a glass-globe summit. In the historical Deira district, Masmak Fort marks the site of the 1902 raid that gave the Al Sauds control of Riyadh.
Surrounded by gardens, the King Abdul Aziz Historical Centre is anchored by Murabba Palace, a royal fortress dating to the mid-20th century. The complex is also home to the modern-designed National Museum, which features interactive exhibits tracing Arabian history and culture from prehistoric times. Riyadh is known for shopping, and upscale malls can be found at the Al Faisaliah Centre and the Kingdom Centre. Deira’s Souq al-Thumairi has local crafts and other wares. The suburban Royal Saudi Air Force Museum displays classic aircraft. On the city’s outskirts are several notable golf courses.